electric vehicle 101

EVs now come in all shapes, size, and price points

types of

Get up to speed on the different levels of charging

levels of

learn about

Grant and rebates are available for a variety of technologies.

EVs have zero tailpipe emissions

helping local


Types of Electric Vehicles

All Electric Vehicles or Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs):

run solely on electricity that they get from an electric

source and use a battery to store the electric power received.

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV):

use batteries to store electricity and power an electric motor as well as use conventional gasoline or diel to power an internal combustion engine.

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles:

Are powered by an internal combustion engine in combination with an electric motor that uses energy stored in on-board batteries that cannot be charged by an external power source


For more information and background on Hybrid Vehicles

Currently Available Hybrid Vehicles

Upcoming Hybrid Vehicles

Available Light-Duty EVs in Texas



Available Heavy-Duty BEVs or PHEVs in Texas

Electric Vehicle Charging


Costs + Savings

Fuel Costs

  • EVs cost less to operate with fuel than gasoline cars, as electricity on average is cheaper per gasoline gallon equivalent than gasoline.

  • Electricity prices are also not as volatile as oil, which makes budgeting for an EV more consistent each year.


  • The cost to maintain an EV is generally much lower than fossil fuel-powered vehicles due to fewer moving parts.

  • EVs have single-speed transmissions and regenerative braking (reduces wear on brakes), and they don’t require oil changes, saving users money.


Emissions Benefits

  • Battery electric vehicles produce no emissions while being driven, helping reduce air pollution, including ozone, the harmful pollutant created by nitrogen oxides (NOx) and Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), emitted by gasoline and diesel vehicles.

  • NCTCOG Air Quality Ozone Page: https://www.nctcog.org/trans/quality/air/ozone

  • The well to wheels impact of EVs in TX is more beneficial than many other states due to the composition of the electric grid, with over 65% sourced being either clean natural gas or renewably powered wind.

  • EVs have less annual Well to Wheel Green House Gas Emissions for both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicle equivalents. 

  • To learn more about and how to use the Alternative Fuel Life-Cycle Environmental and Economic Transportation (AFLEET) Tool, visit https://afleet-web.es.anl.gov/home/